The Different Types of Archeological Excavation
Browse articles:
Auto Beauty Business Culture Dieting DIY Events Fashion Finance Food Freelancing Gardening Health Hobbies Home Internet Jobs Law Local Media Men's Health Mobile Nutrition Parenting Pets Pregnancy Products Psychology Real Estate Relationships Science Seniors Sports Technology Travel Wellness Women's Health
Browse companies:
Automotive Crafts, Hobbies & Gifts Department Stores Electronics & Wearables Fashion Food & Drink Health & Beauty Home & Garden Online Services & Software Sports & Outdoors Subscription Boxes Toys, Kids & Baby Travel & Events

The Different Types of Archeological Excavation

Archeology is an important field that gives you a good idea about the past and the cultures that existed before this time, in order to accomplish this, they will use archeological excavation as a tool to find artifacts. This article teaches you about the different kinds of excavation processes.

Archeologists have many techniques at their disposal to help them to preserve artifacts and to record the area for later researchers. One of the most popular ways to do this is through Archeological Excavation, this process includes an invasive procedure of digging down into the Earth to find artifacts and other evidences that will help the researching archeologist reach a conclusion about past cultures that helps them to develop historical events. Archeological Excavation has two different types that are used when using this technique.

The first technique is called research excavation; this is where a team of scientists will dig up an area at their own pace. It involves taking their time to ensure that all procedures are done properly and no stone left unturned. The site size will determine how much money donated to this cause and the amount of researchers needed to complete the project. This type of excavation is usually used for educational purposes and in some cases may be done by societies that are privately owned, for the purpose of preserving history of the area.


Another type of excavation is one that is development led; this is where a site that offers possible information is in jeopardy of being ruined by the development of the area. In this case there is a field called rescue archeology, where the scientist goes in and tries to save the excavation site before the builder puts up a new building or before they add new roads and subdivisions into the area .When building starts, then finding artifacts and any pertinent information will be lost, so archeologists try to get to a particular site quickly.

Yet another type of Archeological excavation is called trial excavation and is actually a part of development led excavation. These are when a smaller excavation takes place to see how much work will need to be done, to what extent this site may need and the potential it may have towards being a large excavation project. They will do a trial excavation with the intent on examining what is called trial trenches, for the purpose of excavation. The archeologist will then give detailed reports and analysis to the direction and the possibilities of this particular location before an actual excavation is ordered. Once this is done, the archeologist will then have an idea whether further research is needed, or they will use the information already taken to give information.

Additional resources:

Need an answer?
Get insightful answers from community-recommended
in Archaeology on Knoji.
Would you recommend this author as an expert in Archaeology?
You have 0 recommendations remaining to grant today.
Comments (2)
Ranked #11 in Archaeology

Great to know these Katherine, thanks.

Outstanding work.