The Turkish Stonehenge
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The Turkish Stonehenge

The study of a unique archaeological site may reveal answers that may reverse the common belief of the chronology of the human race.

‘The Turkish Stonehenge’ is just one of the many names that have been given to a very unique archaeological site that is currently located in southeastern Anatolia.  So far, seven stone circles have been discovered over a 25 acre spread all with a diameter of between 30 and 100 feet.  Each stone circle contains 10 to 50 ton stone pillars that stand in the shape of a T all decorated with animals such as foxes, lions, wild boar, scorpions, ants, snakes, spiders, and cattle.  What is so unique about this specific archaeological site in comparison to most others is that carbon dating has dated this site to be roughly 12,000 years old.  This is about 7,000 years older than the Pyramids of Giza.       

If carbon dating is correct, than this site, which is now named ‘Gobekli Tepe’, is the oldest structure built by mankind.  This naturally challenges the common belief of the chronology of human origin and sparks much controversy and disputes amongst experts on the site as well.  Klaus Schmidt, a German archaeologist, has been leading both Turkish and German archaeologists alike since 1994 with excavations and further discoveries and believes that only so far about 5 percent of this site has been uncovered.

What is most remarkable is that the carvings on the pillars possibly indicate the earliest uses of agriculture, animal domestication, and even spiritual ceremonies.  Experts believed that the first buildings were erected after the discovery of agriculture, about 9,000 years ago, provided the Neolithic people with an extra amount of food that increased survival rates and population.  This structure alone possibly predates agriculture itself and allows for many theories to come forth about what this amazing monument might stand for. 

Some experts have suggested that the site of Gobekli Tepe may have been a funeral ground and that the animals etched out of stone on the pillars are there to protect the dead.  However, excavations have not revealed any bodies or a funeral ground to support this theory.  Schmidt has theorized that this site may have been a religious ceremonial ground where hunter/gatherers met to trade, socialize, celebrate, or whatever the occasion called for. A ‘Rome of the Ice Age’ was the term coined for his theory.  Other experts have even suggested that this site may very well be the remnants of what once was the Garden of Eden.    

Nonetheless, much more time is needed in order to better theorize and to eventually understand how the site of Gobekli Tepe came to be.  Schmidt has also mentioned that it will probably take another 50 years of digging to just scratch the surface in fully understanding the significance of this monument.   


The World’s First Temple” By Sandra Scham 

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Comments (4)

Interesting. Voted up.

Brilliant and fascinating.

Did not know about this before reading the article. Very good.

Ranked #19 in Archaeology

Thank you for the comments :) I have always been highly fascinated by Archaeology