Top 10 Major Historic and Significant Maya Archeological Sites
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Top 10 Major Historic and Significant Maya Archeological Sites

The Mayas are among the greatest early civilization to have existed. There are hundreds of significant Maya sites, and thousands of smaller ones.

Ancient civilizations are great. These civilizations are among the most interesting in world history. The Mayas are among the greatest early civilization to have existed. There are hundreds of significant Maya sites, and thousands of smaller ones. The largest and most historically important include:

1.) Tikal

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Tikal is one of the largest Mayan archaeological sites located in the archaeological region of the Peten Basin in Guatema. It is part of Guatemala’s Tikal National Park and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979.

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It was one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient Maya.

2.) Chichen Itza

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Chichen Itza was a large lowland Mayan City located in the town of Tinum, Yucatan State, Mexico that flourished between c.600–900 CE. The city may have had the most diverse population in the Maya world.

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The land under the monuments had been privately-owned until 29 March 2010, when it was purchased by the state of Yucatan. Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico with an estimated 1.2 million tourists annually.

3.) Tulum

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Tulum is a major Mayan archeological sites that served as a major port for Coba. It is located in the Yucatan Peninsula in Quintana Roo in Mexico. It was one of the last cities inhabited and built by the Mayans.

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This historical site is one of the best-preserved coastal Maya sites, Tulum is today a popular site for tourists.

4.) Comalcalco

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Comalcalco is an ancient Mayan city. It still exists as a modern-day city located in Comalcalco municipality. It is located 60 km northwest of Villahermosa in Tabasco State of Mexico. This archeological site used of bricks was unique among Maya sites,

5.) Palenque

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Palenque was one of the most distinctive medium-sized Mayan cities that flourished during the 7th century CE. It is located in southern Mexico and its ruins date back to 100 BCE to its fall around 800 CE. It was abandoned and was rediscovered and has been excavated and restored. This Mayan archeological site is now a famous archaeological site attracting thousands of visitors.

6.) Calakmul

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Calakmul is one of the major Maya archaeological sites. It is located in the Mexican state of Campeche in the jungles of the greater Peten Basin. It was one of the largest and most powerful ancient Maya Cities of the lowland. Calakmul is a modern name, in ancient times the city core was known as Ox Te’ Tuun.

7.) Copan

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Copan is popular Mayan archaeological site located in the Copan Department of Western Honduras. This was the capital city of a major Classic period kingdom from the 5th to 9th centuries CE. This fertile valley was occupied for more than two thousand years and had developed a distinctive sculptural style within the tradition of the lowland Maya.

8.) Uxmal

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Uxmal is one of the largest Mayan cities located in Santa Elena in Mexico. It is one with some of the most complex and beautiful examples of the regional Puuc-style architecture.

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This archeological site with its magnificent pyramids and structures make it a popular tourist destination.

9.) Yaxha

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Xaxha is a remarkable Mayan Archeological site located in the northeast of the Peten Basin, Guatemala. This ancient city shares a unique relationship with two other cities, Nakum and naranjo; together they form a triangle in the midst of which there are other minor sites. The site has more than 500 structures, including 40 staelae, 13 Altars, 9 Temple Pyramids with 2 Mesopotamian ballcourts plus a network of sacbeod (causeways) that connect the central, northern (Maler), and eastern 'acropoleis', and the

10.) Uaxactun

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Uaxactun is a Mayan archeological site. This ancient ruin is located in Peten Basin. The site lies some 19 km north of the major center of Tikal. The name is sometimes spelled as Waxaktun.

See also

Gods and Goddesses of the Aztecs, Incas and the Mayans

Historical Facts About the Incas of South America

 

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Comments (5)

Dear Brother Norbert, Thanks for this info on historical site. Very interesting. Please tell me if we can upload pictures from Wikipedia or any such site? I have been making studies on Christian history in India which has great connection with Bible studies. Please help and guide me. Voted.

Timely topic.

A very timely, interesting, informative, and well-written article.

Wounder full places and excellent presentation.

Beautiful presentation, my son who wants to study Archaeology was fascinated by your article and pictures, ..voted

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